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bash scripting basics shell scripting basics

so many trapped in a world they think

they can’t escape

so many with dread in their hearts as 10

turns to 11. so many unanswered

questions

so many to save for some

linux may be the answer they’ve been

looking for and windows 11

could be their reason to finally try it

but anthony

you say installing linux is a

complicated and

scary process well here’s the thing

it’s really not so let’s go deeper and

see for ourselves

how easy it really is perhaps as easy as

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[Music]

conceptually linux is very different

from windows pretty much across the

board

some of these differences are primarily

visual

while others are much more fundamental

if you’ve heard of linux before you’ve

probably heard that it’s open now

evangelists will tell you that that

means

free is in speech and this is true

in that anyone can take a look at the

source code and modify it as they see

fit

but what it means in practice is that

not only is it

able to support a wide variety of

hardware it’s also extremely

customizable with desktops that can

mimic the look and feel of any existing

operating system

or be something entirely unique you get

control

not only that you’ll hear people say

that it breathes new life into old pcs

but why is that the reason

is that the open nature of linux means

that it comes in many different flavors

known as distributions or distros there

are distros with lighter or heavier

system requirements

dramatically different aesthetics and

even different ways of installing

software

now here’s some good full feature

desktop oriented ones

if you’ve got one that you like best let

us know why down below

our example for today is going to be

popos by system 76

which is a good recommendation for new

users not only because it’s part of the

well-known

and well-documented ubuntu and debian

lineage but it’s also because it has a

number of features and same defaults

that make it

friendlier and easier to get up and

running start by downloading the iso

now pop comes in two flavors one that

includes the very special nvidia driver

and one for everyone else you can use

either but it’s easiest to download the

iso that best matches your system to

reduce the number of steps required

during installation

now you could just burn it if you’ve got

an optical drive and a blank dvd

but if like most of us all you’ve got is

a flash drive

you can grab one of a couple of

different tools the easiest of which

being

balina etcher it’s so easy in fact that

it’s just three steps

select the iso select the flash drive

and then click flash

for pop os that’s all you need to do but

if you’ve got an image

for a different distro for example that

fails to flash this way

we look to a more versatile tool like

rufus

looking at the main window ignore the

persistent partition size slider for now

and look at the partition scheme option

for most people mbr is perfectly fine

because it supports both legacy bios

boot and uefi you’ll rarely need to use

the advanced options but the fixes for

old bios’s can help if you’ve got a very

old computer that you’re trying to boot

for file system you’ll almost always

want to choose fat32 now ntfs supports

files that are larger than four

gigabytes but it’s less compatible

overall

you’ll also always always want to choose

the default cluster size

larger clusters can improve transfer

performance for larger files

at the expense of smaller files and vice

versa

finally you can choose to create an

extended label in icon files which

just makes your flash drive show up in a

fancier way on windows

if you fancy like that all that’s left

is to click start and wait for it to do

its thing

if all went well you’re now the proud

owner of a flash drive with linux on it

congratulations it’s a penguin time to

plug it in and give it a whirl

power on your pc and enter the bios

we’ll need to first make sure the flash

drive is shown up

and is first in the boot order and

second we need to make sure that secure

boot is disabled

otherwise you’ll just get this fun

message when you try to boot

fedora and ubuntu both support it but as

far as i know every other

distro out there including pop os does

not

unless you do it yourself blame

microsoft

in most desktop bioses disabling the

qubit requires the

key store to be deleted like this but

laptops all-in-ones and pre-builts

may have a simple toggle save and exit

and you should be

booting from your flash drive and you

can do it

after the first screen you’ll be treated

to an impressive looking array of very

technical messages as linux boots up

these make troubleshooting a lot easier

if it stops part way through

some distros cover them up with a boot

screen but you can usually hit escape

to show them again it may take a little

while to boot after the final message so

give it a minute before assuming

something is going wrong

if all goes well you’ll be looking at

the popos desktop

and an install popos window will come

right up choose your language and region

then choose your keyboard layout english

us default will work for most

but you can choose alternative layouts

here like dvorak and cola mac

next popos will give you the option of

customizing your install

just like ltdstore.com lets you

customize your water bottle

with free stickers nice now if you’re

super eager to get going you can go

through the installer now

but if you’d like to poke around in an

environment where you can’t break

anything

now is a great time to do that by

clicking try demo mode

this is pretty much the same thing

you’re going to get after a default

install

and it’s a great opportunity to make

sure that all your hardware is up and

running

particularly your audio your networking

and your display driver

once you’re finished poking around it’s

time to come back to the installer

a clean install is the most

straightforward so let’s go ahead and

choose that option

choose the drive you want to install to

and then you’ll be brought to the

account setup screen

a username will automatically generate

based on your full name

but you can change it if you prefer

click next choose a password then the

next step is to install the files

once it’s finished reboot and you’ll

boot right into pop os

now if you don’t make sure it’s selected

as a default boot device in your bios

it should show up as pop os like so once

you’re booted into pop os log in and

you’ll be greeted with the post install

setup

unlike a certain other operating system

this only features a single

privacy setting with everything else

being things like typing

time zone and how you want your docked

and top part or logan function

i like it best when it’s set up like

this but you’re not limited to any one

layout

if you’re okay with installing

extensions later on

popos uses a common desktop environment

called gnome but system 76 76’s homebrew

extensions

installed here’s my layout at home it’s

kind of a

not windows looking setup similar to a

different desktop environment called

plasma

depending on how fresh your iso was

popshop will ping you at this point

saying that there are updates available

now this is your app store go ahead and

launch it and

click the installed tab to download any

updates that are waiting

then you can start to install your apps

it’s ridiculously easy to do

discord one click obs one click

steam one click needing game performance

metrics and logging

grab go relay emulators they’ve got

retroarch dolphin

maim dosbox you never even had to open a

browser i hate opening browsers

now that’s not to say that the interface

is perfect

clicking on a category will just give

you an alphabetical listing of software

with no subcategories or filters which

can be

overwhelming to say the least when

you’re just browsing and advanced users

will notice that

some under the hood packages aren’t

listed at all with no obvious way to

change that

you can install the synaptic package

manager to get both of those features

though

the only problem is that it’s far less

user friendly

thankfully if there’s something that you

need that’s simply not available at all

you can add an extra source in popshop

settings most software has a launchpad

or personal package archive that you can

add there

as the name suggests these are curated

by the authors or users

rather than the regular operating system

maintainers so only use these for

software you trust

wine the software that allows you to run

windows programs on linux is a good

example of this

because the version included in popshop

is quite old however

the developers have decided to host

their own and provide instructions

separately so

we’ll have to use the terminal instead

now don’t worry too much this isn’t

very common and because we trust wine we

can just copy these commands and paste

them into the terminal like so

once you’re done go ahead and type this

command to finally install the latest

stable version of wine

now you can exit the terminal i also

recommend installing wine tricks while

we’re at it to manage our

windows settings to be clear you don’t

need any of this to run games through

steam which launches windows games

through its own

included proton layer after all your

installs are done open the applications

drawer and you’ll see that they’re ready

to rock

no extra steps required steam opens

right up and you can log in as normal

before you go wild installing games

though you should enable proton for all

titles under steam play and steam

settings menu

click ok steam will restart and you’re

good to go cool right

like i can just straight up install

cyberpunk for example and it’ll work

in fact it works really well for a game

with a silver rating

like must have been like a recent update

or something i don’t know you can check

how well a game is expected to run as

well as how it ran in the past

and whether anything special needs to be

done to get it working on proton db

the vast majority of games work out of

the box although with some caveats we’ll

get to shortly

but first if you have an nvidia gpu

shadow play doesn’t exist in linux

and that’s a problem but what if i told

you

there’s a way to get something even

better it’s a couple extra steps

and we’re going to have to use the

terminal to do it but trust me it’s

very worth it first download the code

from the nvidia patch repository and

extract the zip file

then go to the folder you just extracted

right click the empty space and click

open in terminal

next type this command and hit enter

this will enable nvfbc

or framebuffer capture the extremely

fast method that shadowplay uses to

capture the screen

and something nvidia normally has

disabled for geforce cards by default

that wasn’t so hard but we still had to

install the plugin for obs to use

unfortunately there’s no package for it

in popos or ubuntu right now

so we’ll have to download it ourselves

to be clear this is one of the

last options you want to use as far as

installing software download the code

from this repository

then extract it go to the folder and

open it into the terminal like before

now we need to install some things

before we can actually continue so type

this command

hit enter enter your password now type

these commands hitting enter after each

one

and once that’s done you can go back to

the files window

go to the build folder and copy this

file go to your home folder

show hidden files then go here make a

new folder called plugins

then in there make new folders that look

like this and paste the file you copied

before

and you’re done linux veterans will

point out that we could have done a lot

of this

more quickly if we’d done more of it in

the terminal and that’s true

the terminal is really handy for a lot

of things especially for tutorials where

it’s the only truly common factor

between linux distributions

but contrary to popular belief it’s not

necessary most of the time

it’s just faster or easier if you know

what you’re doing

if you aren’t familiar with it using it

in short bursts like this can help you

get acclimated and learn kali linux linux online training (vps.evlla.com) what can be

done just by typing a few words

now we can go to obs and add the mvfbc

source to our scene

and look at that high resolution high

frame rate screen capture with very

little overhead just like shadow play

if you open up system monitor which is

kind of like the windows task manager

you’ll see very little cpu usage you can

combine this with nveng for high

performance gameplay streaming

and recording too oh and did i mention

that most game controllers just work out

of the box

the list of devices that linux supports

is much larger than the list it doesn’t

and the majority of those are a result

of a company

not releasing the driver or at least not

releasing the information relevant for

making one from scratch

nvidia’s much maligned proprietary

driver on the other hand works pretty

well

and has been getting some serious

attention from team green recently with

dlss and ray tracing support and more

the popos

comes with the latest drivers and

updates for them come down through the

pop shop like everything else

so if installing linux isn’t that big of

a hassle

why haven’t more people jumped on board

well the main problem

at least in the past is that for all the

freedom and control you’re getting from

linux

you had to give up performance or

functionality or both

especially in gaming but since the

release of valve’s wine based proton

compatibility layer in 2018

things have been exploding to the point

where the vast majority of steam games

run

flawlessly on linux with no

configuration necessary

the biggest issue for linux gamers is

the fact that many anti-cheat programs

still don’t work properly at all meaning

that

games like pubg apex legends destiny 2

and rainbow six siege are

just presently unplayable despite

working in offline mode

this spills over into productivity apps

like microsoft office and creative cloud

where their anti-piracy implementations

fail to authenticate thanks to reliance

on an integrated internet explorer

yeah disgusting but compatibility

is rapidly advancing so get subscribed

so you don’t miss our annual ish

linux gaming update at the end of the

day

my personal advice is to use the tools

that fit you best

whether that’s windows mac os linux or

even something else entirely

and if these compatibility issues are

show stoppers for you i’m not going to

wag my finger at you

and expect you to find an alternative

what i am going to do though

is ask you to give it a try and see if

the alternatives work for you

i find immense joy in trying new things

and finding better ways of doing what i

like to do

and with linux the sheer number of

different ways of doing things means

you’re extremely likely to find

something anything at all

that works better for you than what

you’re doing right now

you have only to look for it and hey

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thanks for watching guys go check out

our recent video on how to install

windows 11 to get a sense of how

difficult

or not this was by comparison

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